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If you’ve been following news about the Dakota Access pipeline, you’ve probably seen news that the Dakota will be built, which will eventually bring the oil and gas industry to a halt.
But what is Dakota Access, exactly?
Here’s everything you need to know.
What is Dakota?
Dakota is a crude oil pipeline that was originally built by Bakken oil company Energy Transfer Partners in the Bakken region of North Dakota, which stretches from North Dakota state line to the border of Montana.
Dakota is currently under construction in South Dakota, Iowa, Nebraska, and Minnesota.
It will eventually pass through four states, but has yet to be fully constructed.
It’s been nearly five years since the project began.
Where did it all start?
On August 15, 2017, the Dakota pipeline company Energy Access Pipeline (EAPL) filed a federal lawsuit against the Army Corps of Engineers, claiming that it was illegally granted a permit to cross through the US and enter the country without a permit, citing an obscure section of the law.
In December, the federal government denied EAPL’s application to continue constructing the pipeline, and a court judge ordered the company to stop work until it could make its case.
What was the lawsuit about?
The suit filed against the federal Department of the Army (DOE) alleges that the Corps granted the pipeline a permit that the company failed to file with the Army.
This allowed EAPS pipeline to cross the Missouri River into Nebraska and Iowa, and the pipeline eventually became a major cause of disruption for the pipeline’s construction.
The lawsuit also claims that the Army violated federal law by allowing the pipeline to move across the Missouri, and that the agency violated its own regulations by allowing EAPLS to use a section of its own pipeline, the Keystone XL, as a back up to the Dakota.
Who was involved in the lawsuit?
The lawsuit was brought by the National Association of Counties (NACNC), a trade group representing counties and cities in the Dakotas.
The NACNC was founded in the 1970s by activists like Wendell Berry, who was arrested for protesting oil and pipeline violations in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Berry went on to lead the national Black Panther Party, and his leadership and activism helped create the Black Panther movement.
Berry died in 2014.
The Dakota Access Pipeline protests in North Dakota (AP Photo/Matt Rourke) Who is the NAC?
The NACC is an alliance of more than 250 county, city, and tribal government officials and non-profit organizations that are active in the fight against pipeline construction.
In a statement to The Verge, the NACC said the lawsuit is “the latest chapter in a long history of anti-pipeline activism and the Dakota oil pipeline’s history of violent resistance.”
The NACP is the nation’s largest coalition of environmental, indigenous, and civil rights organizations, according to its website.
What are the impacts of Dakota Access on the climate?
The pipeline will have a significant impact on the state of North and South Dakota’s climate.
The pipeline, which is expected to carry more than 470,000 barrels of crude oil a day, would run from Bakken, North Dakota to Steele City, South Dakota.
It would cross the St. Louis River, which flows through parts of Nebraska and Minnesota, before crossing the Missouri and finally entering the Dakote.
This means that the pipeline would be an extremely volatile energy source, as it would affect water resources in the region.
The threat of the Dakota to the climate is also due to the fact that the oil would be stored in the pipeline itself, rather than in tanker ships, which are more environmentally friendly than the pipeline.
The Bakken is currently the largest oil field in the United States, with oil fields producing more than 1.2 million barrels of oil per day.
The US government has been trying to get the Bakkens to increase their output to meet global climate goals.
According to the Bureau of Land Management, the Bakke is “a key contributor to climate change and its impacts.”
How do I find out more?
Read our in-depth coverage of the pipeline here.